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Author: Roman

IPv4 explained for beginners

IPv4 – Explanation

The fourth version of the Internet Protocol, or IPv4, is a popular protocol for exchanging data over various networks. Internet Protocol version 4 is a connectionless protocol that operates in packet-switched layer networks like Ethernet. Instead, it gives each network device a special identifier to create a logical connection between them. There are both manual and automatic configurations for configuring IP version 4 with various devices, depending on the type of network.

What does IPv4’s future hold?

The digital industry has advanced significantly since the introduction of IPv4 in the 1980s. Additionally, the number of people utilizing one or more gadgets has significantly expanded. There are approximately 8 billion individuals in the modern world, yet IPv4 and its 32-bit addresses can accommodate only a little more than 4 billion.

Thus, the issue is now apparent. Network managers are forced to reuse IP addresses since there aren’t enough of them available. They must also properly manage and maintain their IP address pool.

Their cost rises as a result of the scarcity of IPv4 addresses. Therefore, the newest IPv6 version is becoming increasingly popular, primarily because of this.

How can you check the IPv4?

Your IP address can be easily found. An IP address that regularly changes is said to be dynamic. You can find out your computer’s IP address by doing the procedures listed below:

Windows

Enter cmd in the Start menu of Windows to open the Command Prompt. Next, enter the command ipconfig into the Command Prompt. Your IP address will be among the information provided by the program.

macOS

Launch the Terminal application. Utilize the macOS Terminal command curl ifconfig.me to obtain your public IP address. To discover the private Internet Protocol version 4 address, use ipconfig getifaddr en0.

Linux

Open a terminal window to get start. You can use the three commands “hostname -I,” “ip addr,” and “ifconfig” to verify Internet Protocol version 4. These commands all produce the IPv4 address as a result.

Benefits

Because there are fewer numbers in constructing IPv4 addresses, they are more straightforward. On the other hand, the format of the new IPv6 version is more complex. This is crucial when it comes to physical labor. Human error is substantially less likely with IPv4.

A substantially wider range of compatibility is available with Internet Protocol version 4. This version of Internet Protocol works flawlessly on both outdated and contemporary computers. On the other hand, the vast majority of current technology gadgets do not support IP address version 6.

Conclusion

We might conclude that IPv4 made up the majority of the current Internet traffic because it was the first Internet Protocol version to receive widespread adoption. Maybe IPv6 stands for the present and IPv4 for the past. We’ll begin formally greeting the new one and gradually bidding the old one farewell.

DNS Monitoring – What is it?

DNS Monitoring is a fascinating topic, and every website owner should be aware of it. Why? We will explore this in today’s article. First, we will explain its definition and how it works. Then finally, we will see why this service is critical for you and your business. So, let’s start.

DNS Monitoring – Complete breakdown

The DNS determines whether any Internet communication will succeed or fail. By routinely verifying your DNS records for any unforeseen changes or localized outages caused by human mistakes or malicious attacks, DNS Monitoring allows you to safeguard your online presence.

So, DNS Monitoring is a really beneficial feature of the Monitoring service (it includes Heartbeat Monitoring, TCP Monitoring, etc.). Its purpose is to secure and guarantee the successful connection between the visitor and what he wants to access. 

Furthermore, DNS Monitoring aids in the quick identification of problems, the detection of potential security gaps, and the prevention of harmful assaults. It is necessary to locate DNS outages and often check DNS records for unplanned changes. Any issues that may harm your website or business can be resolved immediately if they are discovered.

How does DNS Monitoring perform?

When attempting a health check, an administrator must, like other monitoring techniques, keep an eye on various Domain Name System server components. For instance, the most straightforward Domain Name System monitoring system checks to see if the server reliably replies to all Domain Name System queries.

Another DNS monitoring technique is called a “basic check,” which entails verifying the network connection to the specified recursive server. A DNS Monitoring system will verify this connection before ensuring the server appropriately resolves the domain name. These inspections provide information on DNS health measures, such as measured response times or domain name resolution errors.

Why is it significant?

DNS monitoring is a crucial security duty that has implications everywhere. The following are some of the most important things it can protect you from or alert you to:

DNS poisoning

DNS poisoning, sometimes referred to as DNS spoofing, is an overall cyber risk used by criminals. They introduce harmful code into a server’s DNS cache. Customers are thus directed to a phony website where they are requested to enter personal data, including credit card information.

DoS and DDoS attacks

Other widespread and dangerous cyber threats include DoS (Denial of Service) and DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) assaults. A single device or a group of devices (in a DDoS threat) sends the victim massive amounts of false traffic (server or network). The target is to be overloaded to bring it down.

DNS outage

Customers are unable to reach your domain due to DNS problems. Your services could experience considerable disruption if the DNS outage lasts for minutes, hours, or even days. As a result, Domain Name System Monitoring can assist you in identifying and comprehending the problem’s root cause.

Why should you monitor SOA record?

SOA record is a significant DNS record type. Serial numbers and other meaningful data regarding a zone’s cluster of DNS servers are stored in it. Knowing when these records change or expire helps to contextualize performance abnormalities and determine if they are innocent or malevolent. When the Zone file is updated, SOA records are frequently updated as well. It can be a good idea to look into the changes made if your environment is more static and rarely has its zone files changed.

Conclusion

In conclusion, we can say that DNS Monitoring is an additional feature. It’s not necessary to have it, but it will absolutely give you more information about the health of your Domain Name System, which is not secured by default. So, with it, you could protect your system against DNS outages, DoS and DDoS attacks, and DNS spoofing. So, its’ worth giving it a chance. Good luck!