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Tag: IPv4

DNS records: Top 5 Most Popular Types

Every DNS administrator needs to know the different DNS records. There are dozens of sorts, but we will focus on the top 5 most popular. Let’s start.

A record

We will start with an A or Address record. Yes, this is the most fundamental and utilizable DNS record type. It maps an FQDN (fully qualified domain name) to an IPv4 address (IPv6 address for AAAA record). Most people are familiar with a site’s name (hostname) when they desire to visit it. But the address is what they truly need to locate. The visitor’s browser will make numerous requests to various DNS servers until it finds the A record that answers the query. When it receives it back, the browser is already aware of the site’s location and is able to load it.

PTR record

The PTR, or “pointer,” DNS record type associates an IP (IPv4 or IPv6) address in the DNS with a domain name. It’s known as a DNS reverse lookup. So, PTR is the opposite of A record.

We utilize it to establish credibility and certify that a given domain name (hostname) is indeed connected to a particular IP address. As a result, it is viewed as a crucial component when setting up effectively functioning outgoing mail servers. The emails you send will be immediately identified as spam and rejected if you don’t have this DNS record or if you misconfigured it. Absolutely no one wants it. As a result, you should be alert and adjust things appropriately.

SOA record

SOA records are used to identify a domain name’s corresponding authoritative name server. In addition, because they contain data about the zone and the domain itself, such as the refresh rate of both (updates), the number of times servers should wait before the next refresh, the administrator’s contact information, etc., they also serve an administrative function.

MX record

An MX record directs users to the domain’s mail-receiving server. The mail transfer agent (MTA) requests the MX records from the recipient domain’s DNS when a user sends an email message. The hostname or names of the mail servers that accept email for that domain are provided by the MX record. A Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) connection is then established between the transmitting MTA and one of the listed hosts.

MX records are a best practice even if they are not currently needed. For example, mail sent from a domain with no MX record may frequently be blocked as SPAM by a mail server in charge of accepting email, preventing email delivery.

TXT record

Although the TXT record is only a plain text file, it has numerous uses. Sources outside the field can use the text inside as support. For example, use it to send a message to a different DNS administrator, validate the domain name, a service (such as Google, Microsoft, or another), or a process of encryption.

Furthermore, there are different types of TXT records:

  • DKIM record (Domain Keys Identified Mail)
  • DMARC (Domain Based Message Authentication Reporting and Conformance) record
  • SPF (Sender Policy Framework) record


You will be directed to DNS if you manage a network or run an online business. Additionally, DNS records will develop into valuable tools. So, it will be good for you to know them. Luck!

IPv4 explained for beginners

IPv4 – Explanation

The fourth version of the Internet Protocol, or IPv4, is a popular protocol for exchanging data over various networks. Internet Protocol version 4 is a connectionless protocol that operates in packet-switched layer networks like Ethernet. Instead, it gives each network device a special identifier to create a logical connection between them. There are both manual and automatic configurations for configuring IP version 4 with various devices, depending on the type of network.

What does IPv4’s future hold?

The digital industry has advanced significantly since the introduction of IPv4 in the 1980s. Additionally, the number of people utilizing one or more gadgets has significantly expanded. There are approximately 8 billion individuals in the modern world, yet IPv4 and its 32-bit addresses can accommodate only a little more than 4 billion.

Thus, the issue is now apparent. Network managers are forced to reuse IP addresses since there aren’t enough of them available. They must also properly manage and maintain their IP address pool.

Their cost rises as a result of the scarcity of IPv4 addresses. Therefore, the newest IPv6 version is becoming increasingly popular, primarily because of this.

How can you check the IPv4?

Your IP address can be easily found. An IP address that regularly changes is said to be dynamic. You can find out your computer’s IP address by doing the procedures listed below:


Enter cmd in the Start menu of Windows to open the Command Prompt. Next, enter the command ipconfig into the Command Prompt. Your IP address will be among the information provided by the program.


Launch the Terminal application. Utilize the macOS Terminal command curl to obtain your public IP address. To discover the private Internet Protocol version 4 address, use ipconfig getifaddr en0.


Open a terminal window to get start. You can use the three commands “hostname -I,” “ip addr,” and “ifconfig” to verify Internet Protocol version 4. These commands all produce the IPv4 address as a result.


Because there are fewer numbers in constructing IPv4 addresses, they are more straightforward. On the other hand, the format of the new IPv6 version is more complex. This is crucial when it comes to physical labor. Human error is substantially less likely with IPv4.

A substantially wider range of compatibility is available with Internet Protocol version 4. This version of Internet Protocol works flawlessly on both outdated and contemporary computers. On the other hand, the vast majority of current technology gadgets do not support IP address version 6.


We might conclude that IPv4 made up the majority of the current Internet traffic because it was the first Internet Protocol version to receive widespread adoption. Maybe IPv6 stands for the present and IPv4 for the past. We’ll begin formally greeting the new one and gradually bidding the old one farewell.